Flood threat at basalt wall | NQ Dry Tropics news
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Caught in the nick of time…

THE Commonwealth and Queensland governments’ Disaster Recovery Funding Arrangements (DRFA) will help to prevent expensive repairs by averting a disastrous landscape change that could threaten a section of the Lynd Highway.

The gully is as deep as 20 metres in places. The scale of it is clear when you realise how small two people on the far bank appear (circled in red).

A known trouble spot – a hole in the basalt wall on Gainsford Station north of Charters Towers – deteriorated dramatically in this year’s unprecedented flooding and now threatens a section of highway, including a two-lane bridge.

Reconnaissance commissioned by NQ Dry Tropics and undertaken by environmental engineering firm Alluvium uncovered the potential for  a catastrophic landscape change there that could also threaten an entire wetland ecology.

Soil conservationists Neil Cupples from NQ Dry Tropics and John Day from Emu Ridge inspect the hole in the basalt wall at Gainsford Station. 

Soil conservation consultant John Day, who inspected the site with NQ Dry Tropics Soil Conservation Officer Neil Cupples said there was now less than 30 centimetres of the wall between the head of the gully and the sill of the lake.

Mr Day said although the gully had been eroding for decades, the NQ monsoon event at the beginning of this year had resulted in “significant movement” in the affected area.

This little hump, less than 30cms above the waterline of Lake Eumara is the last piece of the basalt wall preventing the flood time watercourse from becoming the new permanent course for Allingham Creek.

The Great Basalt Wall, or Toomba Flow, is part of a basalt flow in the region more than 13,000 years ago and about 30 per cent of it is in a National Park.

The basalt wall at Gainsford Station is part of an even older geological formation – the Birdbush Basalt Flow.

It is an ecologically-sensitive area storing a significant volume of water in lakes, wetlands and groundwater, that allows streams in the surrounding region to flow all year round.

The two main streams leaving the Birdbush Basalt Flow at Gainsford are Lolworth Creek and Allingham Creek (which becomes Fletcher Creek downstream).


Mr Day said, given average rainfall, the last barrier between the lake and Allingham Creek could break away in 10 to 15 years.

“Once that does break away, it will start chewing into the lake pretty quickly,” he said.

When that happened, the upstream wetland would also be drained, dramatically altering the ecology of the whole area.

Ten days after the rain stopped in February, when this photograph was snapped, water was still flooding over the wall and into the gully.

This is the place where the wall forming the barrier between the lake and the gully is lowest… less than 30cms.

Flying over the headwaters of Keelbottom Creek, at Herveys Range.

The funding under the DRFA grants has been granted in response to the landscape damage caused by the monsoon trough at Townsville in February.

It will be administered by the Queensland Government, responding to submissions from Natural Resource Management (NRM) groups and local authorities.

In North Queensland, the Townsville City Council and the Burdekin Shire Rivers Improvement Trust undertook reconnaissance in their regions. NQ Dry Tropics accepted responsibility for the country within the Burdekin Dry Tropics NRM region not already covered.

Most of the survey work was done by helicopter with NQ Dry Tropics Grazing Field Officer Josh Nicholls guiding Alluvium consultants to sites where damage was most likely to occur.

Lake Eumara, fed by Allingham Creek. The gully heads east away from the breach in the basalt wall.

During two days of flying, the only site where they asked the pilot to land was at the gully breach in the basalt wall on Gainsford Station, about 50km north of Charters Towers.

The gully is a long-standing problem on the property – remnants of a diversion wall built in the 1970s are still evident – but it has suddenly become a problem needing immediate attention.

The gully is eating into the basalt wall at a place where it acts as a dam, stoppering the end of Eumara Lake on Allingham Creek (Fletcher Creek downstream).

The gully system is growing at an alarming rate… 30m to 60m per year in the worst-affected places.

The flooding event caused it to grow even more rapidly, and the hole in the wall has this year been enlarged by about 10m.

Mr Nicholls said the extent of this year’s damage was easy to see because of the different colouring in the exposed rocks.

Rocks that had been exposed for a year or more had weathered, and turned grey.

“The red rocks in the photographs are those that have recently been unearthed,” he said.

“That’s the erosion that happened this year.”

Adding to the problem was the risk that massive sediment loads, presently held back by the basalt wall, could be released if the gully was to further erode and permanently redirect Allingham Creek.

If that happened, the Lynd Highway, including a two-lane bridge, would also be at risk. 

The Gainsford Station homestead may also be threatened, particularly during high water-flow events.

The hole in the basalt wall in July.

NRM Implementation Manager Peter Gibson said the reconnaissance team saw so much devastation, they caught themselves becoming inured to it.

Eventually they narrowed the problem areas down to nine sites of concern.

“Of those, the Gainsford Station gully is definitely the top priority, and we will make further inspections to prioritise the other trouble spots,” Mr Gibson said.

He said where it was possible, NQ Dry Tropics would look for opportunities at each site to treat the cause of the problem, rather than treating recurring symptoms.

“We will make the site more resilient and better able to withstand extreme weather events in the future,” Mr Gibson said.

Under the DRFA guidelines, funded projects will have to be completed by June 2021.

The project is jointly funded by the Commonwealth and Queensland governments under the Disaster Recovery Funding Arrangements.

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